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Contributed from Arnold Wood Turnings - https://arnoldwood.com
Hardwoods and softwoods both have a wide array of applications in the wood products industry. A hardwood tree is often, but not necessarily, a harder and denser wood than a softwood. The term comes from old logging camp “rules of thumb” where woods were sometimes named by their resistance to sawing.
A great example of an exception to the rule is balsa wood. Balsa is one of the lightest, least dense woods there is, but it is considered a hardwood.